Many different cutting tools may be used for the finished product. The most commonly used tools
are the gouge and the mortise-chisel, the mortise-chisel being
as important to a lathe turner as it is to the cabinet-maker. Practically all types of wood can be
turned, depending on the
dimensions and intended use of a piece. However, it is generally
preferable to work with woods that have straight grains,
especially when center-turning. The wood should be dry, otherwise it can split or become warped.
Turned furniture pieces represent most common technique of wood
carving, and is seen in any furniture with completely or
partially rounded edges, such as chair and table supports.
Turning can be used to add decorative touches such as spirals,
stanchions and columns, which in turn contain segments such as
coils, lace bobbins, and threads among others. Turned pieces can
also be applied on the surface of furniture or frame,
splitting the piece into two longitudinal halves.
The turnery is therefore notable for the diversity of
objects it can produce, as well as the speed with which it
produces them – from a block of wood to an entirely finished
product, something which makes it unique amongst other